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The Smithsonian Museums- A Complete Break-Down

Updated: Oct 16, 2023

Washington D.C. is a wonderful city to explore despite your budget. The well-known Smithsonian museums are a pillar of art, history, and language for the entire country. With so many free museums, attractions, and memorials in Washington D.C. where do you begin?

Smithsonian Museums in D.C.
Washington Memorial

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Important Side Notes:

Before your trip, make sure to highlight which museums interest you the most. Chances are you won't be able to see them even if you rush. Plan an extra cushion of time just in case.

I have placed an "estimated time to visit" along with each museum description. This could look very different for you. Every individual moves at their own pace through different exhibits. However, I did want to create a rough timeline in hopes of helping you best plan your day.

Finally, some museums do require a scheduled entry time so make sure to reserve your entrance at the beginning of the day or prior before slots fill up.

Onward to the museums!

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Starting you off at the beginning of the intercontinental slave trade, the National Museum of African American History and Culture takes you on a chronological journey of the African American story in the history of the United States. From slavery to segregation all the way up to modern times with the presidential election of Barack Obama and Oprah's TV epidemic, a lot of history (good and bad) is covered in only three floors.

The museum screams pride for people who were constantly pushed down and fought for what they always knew was right. Almost as important, the museum is a good reminder for people of all colors that we are still not very far away from our racist past as a nation. The message inspires its viewers to also stand for the change that they believe in as equality in the nation shall always prevail despite low points.

The National Museum of African American History and Culture
The National Museum of African American History and Culture

A highlight of the Smithsonian, advanced tickets need to be presented during the busiest hours of the museum’s opening so make sure to prepare in advance. Walk-up from the public is available weekdays after one but don’t think you’ll get in on the weekend without a free, pre-booked ticket.

Time to visit: 2-3 hours

National African Art Museum

The National African Art Museum covers many different forms of art and culture. At first, I was under the incorrect presumption that the museum would focus mainly on Africans present in the American history timeline. Even though there were African American sections displayed, I was pleasantly surprised to see the galleries focused on African art and influence worldwide.

Time to visit: 30 minutes-1 hour

National Air and Space Museum

The National Air and Space Museum is one of the most popular of D.C.’s attractions and for good reason! The museum is so big there are actually two locations that make up the one piece. Due to popularity, you might want to make sure to schedule enough time in your day to work your way through this one a little bit more slowly.

The main National Air and Space Museum is located in Washington D.C. National Mall on the main strip that most of the other Smithsonian reside. It highlights flight history such as stories from the Wright brothers and launching into space-a lot of the “firsts” in the skies. From IMAX shows to the planes and rockets itself surrounding you, this museum definitely takes your breath away. Also next door you can find a public observatory! If you find that this piques your interest, don’t forget the second building Udvar-Hazy Center. If you’re walking, this one might be a bit harder to get to, but if you can grab an Uber or metro, the massive hangers display all types of aircraft-military to commercial.

Time to visit: 3-4 hours (Both buildings)

National Native American Museum

The National Native American Museum
The National Native American Museum

The National Native American Museum, otherwise known as the American Indian Museum, travels through history from what original life looked like for the Native Americans all up to present day embedding in our modern culture.

Exhibits showcase, but are not limited to, roles in the Native American society, stories, and cultures differentiated by tribe, explanations of dances and chants and how the people developed in society over time.

This museum tells a sad story of broken treaties, coercion and the immense efforts that were taken to “civilize” the Native Americans. Europeans and Americans alike strived to change the cultures of the Native Americans believing they didn’t have room for such tradition in a modern nation or world. Time to visit: 2 hours

Archives of American Art

Not to be confused with the American Art Museum, the Archives of American Art are more focused on preserving visual art throughout America’s history. To get a better idea of what the archives contain, think a little bit differently than your typical painted portraits and sculptures. Although presented along with many other exhibits, the archive contains many catalogs, articles, and books as well. (I feel like it was a great resource for research, but less of a touristy stop.)

Time to visit: 2 hours

Arts and Industries Building

The Arts and Industries Building was the very first national museum open in the United States. Beautiful to look at, I would definitely recommend walking by to get a picture of its brick and fantasy like characteristics. Currently, it is closed for renovation and only open for special events. Hopefully, in the near future, it will offer a permanent display for us as well. No need to stress, as there are many other options for now!

Time to visit: Walk by- 20 minutes


Hirshborn, more commonly known, as the National Museum of Modern Art is smaller than you might expect. It is one of the few Smithsonian museums to have constantly rotating exhibits. Along with the modern styles of art, in the shapes of sculpture, paint and other abstract means, there is a walking art sculpture garden outside of the main building.

Time to visit: 30 minutes (inside museum-up to an additional 30 minutes for outside sculpture garden)

National Museum of Natural History

The National Museum of Natural History is not only the largest natural history museum in the country but is also the largest natural history museum in the world. It really is an amazing museum for people of all ages and interests as the exhibits dive into figuring out our natural place in the world. From the beginning of time and the galaxies to cavemen and civilization and even society forming wars and people, this museum really should be at the top of your list of places to see. Be warned, to see it all, you will eat up half a day at least.

Consider starting your day here so you don’t get halfway through and have to return the following day. Extremely popular, there is not really a way to completely avoid the crowds. My recommendation would be to go during the weekdays and if your visit is during a slower tourist season (aka not the late spring/summer) then you’ll find it even easier to maneuver.

Time to visit: 4-5 hours

National Museum of American History

The National Museum of American History is definitely an all-in-one stop seeping with patriotism. It hosts exhibits in a wide degree that will entertain all interests in the family. Everything from wars that America partook in, women and minors through history, inventions, political impacts and growth to transportation, food, and developments in everyday living.

National Museum of American History
The Transportation hall in the National Museum of American History

Dependent on interest, this museum will take quite some time to walk through due to vast and in-depth exhibits. Luckily there are many interactive exhibits as well to keep young minds and hands busy. A happy mix of many categories without going too deep into certain topics that other museums in the area are designed for.

Time to visit: 3-4 hours

Center for American Art and Portraiture

The Center for American Art and Portraiture holds many different smaller museums. The American Art Museum didn’t actually start out as all American art. Like most art today, European influence is heavy as some of the displays time back to pre-America. Today the collection of artists and artwork is broad relaying of off influences from wars, politics, religion and a growing nation.

Attached to the main building is the Renwick Gallery. What I found most interesting is that this gallery features more exhibits from artists that are still alive which you cannot find at every other museum. (Due to them blending history with art the pieces will clearly be older.) Also displayed is the National Portrait Gallery which houses portraits of famous scientists, politicians, artists, inventors and everyone else you could imagine that played an important role in our history.

Time to Visit: 1-2 hours

National Postal Museum

Pretty self-explanatory, the National Postal Museum explores mail service from early colonial times to modern times. If you’re a big stamp collector, you’ll feel like a kid in a candy shop here.

Time to visit: 1 hour

S. Dillon Ripley Center

Sackler Gallery
Part of the Asian display inside of the Sackler Gallery

Often called the Ripley Center, the S. Dillon Ripley Center is quite misleadingly small from street level. The kiosk-looking entrance actually takes you underground to a gallery of more contemporary American art. This museum features traveling exhibits and is purposed mainly to create a forum for artists to discuss their works.

Time to visit: 30 minutes

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery is one of two national galleries of Asian art. Hoisting beautiful bowls, plates, jewelry, shrines, fabrics and much more, the gallery hosts the beauty of art developing over time. From countries including, but not limited to, Nepal, China, Japan, Korea and many more, the displays show how much cultural religions and beliefs are expressed in each piece of artwork. The second Asian art gallery, Freer Gallery of Art continues the same themes only in a co-joined building.

Time to visit: 1-2 hours

National Gallery of Art

In hopes to have a national art museum that held to the same standards of other powerful countries, the National Gallery of Art began construction in 1937. Today it houses many rotating galleries along with some permanent exhibits and an outdoor statue garden. The majority of the work is either European or American and post-renaissance period.

Time to visit: 1 Hour

Smithsonian Castle

The Smithsonian Castle is a focal point for the Smithsonian museums and serves as a visitor’s center. If you need any help at all, would prefer a map or want a brief overlook of what all the other museums have to offer, this should be your first stop. Surrounding the castle, you’ll walk directly through the Smithsonian Gardens. A beautiful park filled with flowers and benches and perfect for a lunch break! (Of course dependent on what time of year you choose to go-I recommend spring ☺)

Smithsonian Castle
The Smithsonian Castle

Time to Visit: 20 minutes

National Zoo

Although not really a museum, The National Zoo does fall under the category of Smithsonian owned. Hoping we all know what a zoo entails, I’ll leave most of this one up to your imagination. On a comparison level, I wouldn’t say this zoo isn’t the best in the country but it does give for a very pleasant afternoon off. Not to mention a little break from all the other information you’ve been pumping into your mind!

If you have kids, I would highly recommend swinging by because how often can you go to a zoo without spending an arm and leg on admission? For me, it was nice but next time I’ll skip and stick with the things I can solely find in D.C. There are also all kinds of cool paid programs where you can spend the night with the animals or different wine events for mom and dad so if you’re looking to find something a little different than the normal zoo experience, you can find it here.

Time to visit 3-4 hours

The Holocaust Museum

Although not a Smithsonian, The Holocaust Museum also advertises a free admission and an amazing story. This museum paints the story of the Nazi terror during WWII in horrific colors. The main exhibit does require tickets due to popularity so either book in advance or line up in the morning for same day entry. This is a must see during your trip to D.C. as it very boldly strives to keep the story alive and to remember those lost in the horrid mass killings that became the Holocaust.

Exhibits that are more children friendly are available and the more graphic videos and pictures are put out of sight of a younger audience. Main discretion surrounding the gore and horrors of the concentration camps, scientific experiments and other elements of the death tolls and living circumstances are left up to parents leading younger children through. At certain points, the museum hosts talks with survivors that are also free and available to the public. If this interests you, make sure to plan in advance.

If you're interested in researching more before your museum visit, I picked up Passport to Life in the gift shop. It's a great read about a survivor's story. It's not to expensive on amazon and will give you an ever better idea of what was experienced during these horrible times. It's always great to know a little bit going in to appreciate it even more once you're there!

Time to visit 2-3 hours


The Smithsonian Museums are not the only great things to do in D.C. If you want to learn more about how you can visit the capital city on a budget check out How to Explore Washington D.C. in less than $22 a day.

I also created a free checklist of all the places you'll definitely want to check out during your stay. Just Click Here to get yours sent to you!

Have you visited any of the Smithsonians before? What museum was your favorite? Make sure to let me know in the comments below which one was your favorite!

Sending love from Washington D.C. <3

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